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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Supporting holistic wellbeing for performing artists during the COVID-19 Pandemic and recovery : study protocol

Melanie Stuckey, Véronique Richard, Adam Decker, Patrice Aubertin, Dean Kriellaars
Frontiers in Psychology, vol.12 , art. 577882, 8 p., February 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in the abrupt closure of circus schools, venues, and companies, introducing a myriad of new stressors. Artists and students must now attempt to maintain their technical, physical, artistic, creative, and cognitive abilities without in-person support from their trainers and must manage the isolation from their training and performing spaces. For circus artists, the transposition of the work space to a home environment is not possible, which creates new stressors that could lead to the exacerbation and escalation of mental health issues. The purpose of this study is to develop, implement and evaluate a holistic interventional program based on the socio-ecological model of resilience and operationalized through physical literacy.

Consult 

BOOK ARTICLE

Organisation du suivi médical en école supérieure professionnelle de cirque

Patrice Aubertin, Stéphanie Simonin, Alain Taillard, Sylvai Ubieta
P. Goudard, D. Barrault (dir.), Médecine et cirque, p. 293-298 , 2020

*Available at the School Library

Education
Health and Security
History and Aesthetics

Introductory publication

REPORT

S’enfuir avec l’École du cirque

Christian Hrab, Patrice Aubertin
Actif pour la vie, 2013

Meeting with Patrice Aubertin to talk about the school and share his ideas on physical literacy.

Consult

 

Scientific publications

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Factor structure of Play Creativity : a new instrument to assess movement creativity

Veronique Richard, Patrice Aubertin, Yan Yun Yang, Dean Kriellaars
Creativity Research Journal, vol.32 n°4, p. 383-393, September 2020

Few assessment tools have been designed to assess motor creativity, and the existing tools have limitations. To bridge this gap, this study aimed at designing a new movement creativity assessment tool that considers the unique features underlying the expression of creativity through movement and provides a useful tool to assess and promote movement creativity.

Consult

*Available at the School Library

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Physical Literacy and Resilience in Children and Youth

Philip Jefferies, Michael Ungar, Patrice Aubertin, Dean Kriellaars
Front Public Health, vol.19 n°7, art.346, 7 p., November 2019

A study of the association between multidimensional concepts of physical literacy and resilience in children at a key developmental stage.

Consult

 

BOOK ARTICLE

Creativity : the emergence of a new dimension of sport expertise

Véronique Richard, Mark A. Runco
G. Tenenbaum (ed.) & R. C. Eklund (ed.), Handbook of Sport Psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p.632-649, 2020

*Available at the School Library

 

ENCYCLOPEDIC ARTICLE

Sport and Creativity

Véronique Richard
Reference Module in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology, Elsevier, 5 p., October 2019

Artists who aspire to the highest level in sport and performing arts must reinvent themselves on a regular basis. This article reviews the key theoretical concepts underlying motor and tactical creativity. It also presents empirical data highlighting the cognitive, environmental, and affective resources needed to foster these skills in artists.

*Available at the School Library

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Does engaging in creative activities influence the use of coping skills and perception of challenge-skill balance in elite athletes?

Véronique Richard, Yang Yanyun, Mark A. Runco, Ahmed M. Abdulla Alabbasi, Gershon Tenenbaum
IAFOR Journal of Psychology & the Behavioral Sciences, vol.5 (si): p.3-20, October 2019

The purpose of this study was to test the notion that engagement in creative activity directly influences the balance between challenges and abilities, and indirectly through coping strategies in sport.

Consult

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

The Impact of circus arts instruction in physical education on the physical literacy of children in grades 4 & 5

Dean Kriellaars, John Cairney, Marco A.C. Bortoleto, Tia K. M. Kiez , Dean Dudley, Patrice Aubertin
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, vol.38 n°2, p.162-170, April 2019

Impact of teaching circus arts in physical education on the physical literacy of 4th and 5th grade children.

*Available at the School Library

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Developing cognitive and motor creativity in children through an exercise program using nonlinear pedagogy principles

Veronique Richard, Jean-Charles Lebeau, Fabian Becker, Nataniel Boiangin, Gershon Tenenbaum
Creativity Research Journal, vol. 30 n°4, p.391-401, December 2018

Motor creativity is a key factor in children’s motor development, yet very few exercise programs promote the development of motor creativity in children. To address this gap in the literature, this study tested the effectiveness of a creative exercise program on children’s motor and cognitive creativity, as well as their likelihood of adaptation to exercise challenges.

*Available at the School Library

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Gender Asymmetry and Circus Education

Alisan Funk
Performance Matters, vol.4 n°1-2 : Circus and Its Others, p.19-35, July 2018

This study explores the issue of gender equality in circus schools where graduates obtain the skills to start a professional career in circus arts and the measures that the circus community can take to promote parity.

Consult

 

BOOK ARTICLE

La perception des programmes de formation en arts du cirque au Québec

Alisan Funk, Louisane LeBlanc
T. Froissart & C. Thomas (dir.), Arts et spectacle vivant : les formations en arts du cirque et en activités physiques artistiques. Éditions et presses universitaires de Reims, p.131-144, 2018

*Available at the School Library

 

CONFERENCE

The Impact of Circus Arts Instruction on Physical Literacy

Alisan Funk
Calgary Physical Literacy Summit, 31 p., 2018

Consult

 

BOOK ARTICLE

Les arts du cirque dans le cadre de l’enseignement primaire au Canada : genèse d’une recherche et d’un projet d’innovation sociale

Patrice Aubertin, Alisan Funk
T. Froissart & C. Thomas (dir.), Arts et spectacle vivant : les formations en arts du cirque et en activités physiques artistiques. Éditions et presses universitaires de Reims, p.157-173, 2018

*Available at the School Library

 

MEMORANDUM

Circus education in Québec : balancing academic and kinaesthetic learning objectives through an artistic Lens

Alisan Funk
Concordia University, 148 p. , 2017

This research studies the coexistence of academic and kinesthetic goals in post-secondary circus arts education in Quebec, specifically exploring how students, circus teachers, academic teachers, and administrators value elements of the curriculum as well as their perception of their institution’s program goals.

Consult

 

RESEARCH REPORT

Aujourd’hui le collégial, demain le monde : étude sur la préparation des étudiant.e.s du collégial pour le travail à l’étranger

Matthieu Boutet-Lanouette, Alexandre Jobin-Lawler, Anna-Karyna Barlati, Myriam Villeneuve
Campus Notre-Dame-de-Foy ; CRITAC – Centre de recherche, d’innovation et de transfert en arts du cirque, 244 p., 2017

The objective of our research is to understand how to adequately train Quebec college students whose study programs offer opportunities to work abroad after graduation.

Consult (in French)

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

The making of expert performers at Cirque du Soleil and the National Circus School : A performance enhancement outlook

Edson Filho, Patrice Aubertin, Bernard Petiot
Journal of Sport Psychology in Action, n°[February 11, 2016], 13 p. , February 2016

*Available at the School Library

 

THESIS

Pedagogy in performance : an investigation into decision training as a cognitive approach to circus training

Jonathan Burtt
Western Australian Academy of Performing Arts (WAAPA), Edith Cowan University, 386 p., Joondalup (Australie), 2016

Consult

 

BOOK ARTICLE

Introduction of decision training into elite circus arts training program

Jonathan Burtt, Sylvain Lafortune, Patrice Aubertin
L.P.Leroux, Batson, C.R. (dir.), Cirque Global : Quebec’s expanding circus boundarie, McGill-Queen’s University Press, p.240-265, 2016

*Available at the School Library

 

RESEARCH REPORT

L’introduction de l’entraînement à la prise de décision dans la formation supérieure en arts du cirque et ses effets sur les stratégies d’enseignement et sur l’apprentissage et sur la performance

Jonathan Burtt, Sylvain Lafortune, Patrice Aubertin
CRITAC – Centre de recherche, d’innovation et de transfert en arts du cirque, 96 p., 2013

This research aims to test the introduction of a training approach derived from sports practice, decision-making training, in circus arts higher education.  Through the identification of important cognitive skills to develop and the use of pedagogical tools promoting their acquisition, decision-making training develops self-regulation in the student, a skill deemed important for a professional circus artist.

Consulter (in French)

Introductory publications

JOURNAL ARTICLE

COVID-19: Reopening the National Circus School in Montreal – A Case-Study

Marion Cossin
CIRCUSTALK.NEWS, November 2020

For the National Circus School (NCS), as well as all circus schools around the world, the COVID-19 pandemic represents an exceptional challenge, for which there are no preconfigured guidelines that can dictate appropriate responses. As Quebec researcher Dr. Caroline Quach said, “Fighting COVID-19 is like building the airplane while you are still flying it. At NCS, the decision to reopen the school and the question of how to reopen it was guided by a risk-based approach to maximize the educational, wellness and health benefits for our students, teachers, staff and the entire circus community.

Consult

 

TECHNICAL REPORT

Rapport étude comparative de neuf configurations d’attache en sangles aériennes

Marion Cossin
CRITAC – Centre de recherche, d’innovation et de transfert en arts du cirque, 19 p., January 2020

For the first time, a strap discipline study compared and measured multiple tether configurations according to several criteria. Nine attachment configurations were measured according to three criteria: safety, comfort, and set-up time. Thanks to this study, aerial strap professionals will have different options at their disposal.

Consult (in French)

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Quand Cirque rime avec risque

Marion Cossin
Dire : la recherche à votre portée, vol.28 n°1, p.12-18, Winter 2019

Risk-taking is fundamental in circus arts and can lead to accidents causing serious injury. However, the latest advances in circus medicine, engineering and risk education allow for better risk management while maintaining impressive circus performances.

Consult (in French)

 

REPORT

Équilibre au cirque

Marion Cossin, Carine Monat
L’oeuf ou la poule, CHOQ.ca, UQAM, Episode of October 28, 2019, [approx. 9 min.]

« L’équilibre au cirque » with Marion Cossin, PhD student at Polytechnique Montréal, who studies circus acrobats during their performances.

Consult (in French), sections 16:00 – 22:00 et 25:00 – 30:50

 

REPORT

Normes de sécurité en cirque

Marion Cossin, Pierre Chastenay, Rabii Rammal, Marianne Desautels-Marissal, Éric Morin, Estelle Bouchard, Marc Carbonneau
Électrons libres, Télé-Québec, Episode of March 14, 2017

A researcher analyzed the movements of 16 acrobats to establish a reliable safety standard for the cable anchor point. According to her calculations, it should be able to support 33 times the weight of an average acrobat.

Consult (in French)

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

La science des acrobates

Daniel Carrière, Louis Faure, Marion Cossin, Patrice Aubertin, François Prince
Découvertes, Radio-Canada, Epidose of September 20, 2015

The Montreal National Circus School has been training circus artists for 30 years. This year, the School turned to science to improve its training program. These measures help prevent injuries and make it possible to better appreciate the work of these high-level artist-athletes.

Consult (in French)

 

Scientific publications

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Body composition adaptations throughout an elite circus Student-Artist Training Season

Adam Decker, Patrice Aubertin, Dean Kriellaars
Journal of Dance Medicine & Science, vol.25 n°1, p. 46-54, March 2021

The goal was to perform a longitudinal body composition assessment of student circus performers as part of a three-year elite college training program. Male and female student artists differed significantly on all absolute and relative body composition variables. Discipline-specific differences in body composition were also detected. Significant differences were observed between student artists grouped by years of schooling. Over the training year, there was a positive adaptation for muscle and fat mass despite the negative adaptation experienced during the winter vacation period.

*Available at the School Library

 

BOOK ARTICLE

Approche des mécanismes impliqués dans une hausse du taux de blessures après les vacances chez les étudiant.e.s en formation supérieure en arts du cirque

Adam Decker, Melanie Stuckey, Richard Fleet, Patrice Aubertin, Dean Kriellaars
P. Goudard, D. Barrault (dir.), Médecine et cirque, p. 169-178, 2020

*Available at the School Library

 

BOOK ARTICLE

Les problèmes de santé dans les arts du cirque, une revue de la littérature

Isabelle Lavallée-Bourget, Luc Lapointe, Patrice Aubertin, Richard Fleet
P. Goudard, D. Barrault (dir.), Médecine et cirque, p. 149-166, 2020

*Available at the School Library

 

THESIS

Longitudinal assessment of physical, physiological and psychological characteristics of elite circus student-artists

Adam Decker
University of Manitoba, 150 p., 2020

The circus arts have grown rapidly over the past thirty years, and performers require a unique combination of technical, physical, and artistic abilities with a performance schedule and culture distinct from sport. Yet the development of elite circus performers continues to rely on sports-based and traditional circus training methods. Research on performance and health factors in a circus student-artist context would provide valuable information for the development of current training and injury prevention strategies related to the practice of circus arts. The purpose of this thesis is to characterize the physical, physiological, and psychological factors in a high-performance circus training environment. The information in this thesis can be used by circus trainers, artists, and performance science and medical personnel to guide future research and influence teaching methods for circus artists, worldwide.

Consult

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cirque du Monde as a health intervention, Perceptions of medical students and social circus experts

Cynthia Fournier, Mélodie-Anne Drouin, Jérémie Marcoux, Patricia Garel, Emmanuel Bochud, Julie Théberge, Patrice Aubertin, Gil Favreau, Richard Fleet
Canadian Family Physician, vol. 60 n°11, p. 548-553, November 2014

To introduce Cirque du Soleil’s Cirque du Monde program and its potential as a primary health care intervention for family physicians.

Consult

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Sleep and fatigue of elite circus student-artists during on year of training

Adam Decker, Patrice Aubertin, Dean Kriellaars
Medical Problems of Performing Artists, vol.34 n°3, p.125-131, September 2019

To introduce Cirque du Soleil’s Cirque du Monde program and its potential as a primary health care intervention for family physicians.

*Available at the School Library

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Don’t take down the monkey bars : rapid systematic review of playground-related injuries

Nicolas Bergeron, Catherine Bergeron, Luc Lapointe, Dean Kriellaars, Patrice Aubertin, Brandy Tanenbaum, Richard Fleet
Canadian Family Physician, vol.65 n°3, p.121-128, March 2019

Synthesis of currently available data on playground injuries and determine their prevalence in young children.

Consult

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Empirical development of a screening method for mental, social, and physical wellness in amateur and professional circus artists

Brad Donohue, Yulia Gavrilova, Marina Galante, Bryan Burnstein, Patrice Aubertin, Elena Gavrilova, Alisan Funk, Al Light, Stephen D. Benning
Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, October 2018

This study examines the mental, social and physical health of artists in two circus settings (circus school, professional circus). The objectives were to assess overall health and develop data-based wellness screening methods in these populations, to help establish guidelines to optime the performance and health of artists.

*Available at the School Library

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

The relationship between problem-solving skills and factors that interfere with performance in the world’s elite circus artists

Marina Galante, Brad Donohue, Yulia Gavrilova, Corey Phillips, Bryan Burnstein, Patrice Aubertin, Andrea Corral
Journal of Performance Psychology, n°11, p.1-17, December 2017

In this study, researchers are evaluating the relationship between problem-solving skills and factors influencing the performance of 109 circus performers at Cirque du Soleil and 21 graduates of the Montreal National Circus School.

Consult

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Making single-point aerial circus disciplines safer

Marion Cossin, Annie Ross, Frédérick P. Gosselin
Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, vol.231 n°4, p.362–373, December 2017

The purpose of this study was to measure the dynamic tension force between the apparatus and suspended equipment of five aerial circus apparatuses and to recommend minimum loading requirements in the setup and design.

*Available at the School Library

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Repeatability of force signals in aerial circus straps

Marion Cossin, Annie Ross, Frédérick P. Gosselin
Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, vol.232 n°3, p.225–235, October 2017

The purpose of this study is to develop a method for evaluating the variability of movements of circus acrobats. An analysis of the repeatability of force signals is used to quantify the variability.

*Available at the School Library

 

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cirque du Monde en tant qu’intervention en santé

Cynthia Fournier, Mélodie-Anne Drouin, Jérémie Marcoux, Patricia Garel, Emmanuel Bochud, Julie Théberge, Patrice Aubertin, Gil Favreau and Richard Fleet
Canadian Family Physician, vol. 60 n°11, p. 548-553, November 2014

To introduce Cirque du Soleil’s Cirque du Monde program and its potential as a primary health care intervention for family physicians.

Consult

Scientific publications

BOOK ARTICLE

« The circus card trick » : langage performatif, communauté interprétative et éthique de la tromperie

Joseph Culpepper
F. Kessler, J-M. Larrue, G. Pisano (dir.), Machines. Magie. Médias. Presses universitaires du Septentrion, p.49-60, 2018

*Available at the School Library

Education

Introductory publication

REPORT

S’enfuir avec l’École du cirque

Christian Hrab, Patrice Aubertin
Actif pour la vie, 2013

Meeting with Patrice Aubertin to talk about the school and share his ideas on physical literacy.

Consult

 

Scientific publications

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Factor structure of Play Creativity : a new instrument to assess movement creativity

Veronique Richard, Patrice Aubertin, Yan Yun Yang, Dean Kriellaars
Creativity Research Journal, vol.32 n°4, p. 383-393, September 2020

Few assessment tools have been designed to assess motor creativity, and the existing tools have limitations. To bridge this gap, this study aimed at designing a new movement creativity assessment tool that considers the unique features underlying the expression of creativity through movement and provides a useful tool to assess and promote movement creativity.

Consult

*Available at the School Library

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Physical Literacy and Resilience in Children and Youth

Philip Jefferies, Michael Ungar, Patrice Aubertin, Dean Kriellaars
Front Public Health, vol.19 n°7, art.346, 7 p., November 2019

A study of the association between multidimensional concepts of physical literacy and resilience in children at a key developmental stage.

Consult

 

BOOK ARTICLE

Creativity : the emergence of a new dimension of sport expertise

Véronique Richard, Mark A. Runco
G. Tenenbaum (ed.) & R. C. Eklund (ed.), Handbook of Sport Psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p.632-649, 2020

*Available at the School Library

 

ENCYCLOPEDIC ARTICLE

Sport and Creativity

Véronique Richard
Reference Module in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology, Elsevier, 5 p., October 2019

Artists who aspire to the highest level in sport and performing arts must reinvent themselves on a regular basis. This article reviews the key theoretical concepts underlying motor and tactical creativity. It also presents empirical data highlighting the cognitive, environmental, and affective resources needed to foster these skills in artists.

*Available at the School Library

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Does engaging in creative activities influence the use of coping skills and perception of challenge-skill balance in elite athletes?

Véronique Richard, Yang Yanyun, Mark A. Runco, Ahmed M. Abdulla Alabbasi, Gershon Tenenbaum
IAFOR Journal of Psychology & the Behavioral Sciences, vol.5 (si): p.3-20, October 2019

The purpose of this study was to test the notion that engagement in creative activity directly influences the balance between challenges and abilities, and indirectly through coping strategies in sport.

Consult

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

The Impact of circus arts instruction in physical education on the physical literacy of children in grades 4 & 5

Dean Kriellaars, John Cairney, Marco A.C. Bortoleto, Tia K. M. Kiez , Dean Dudley, Patrice Aubertin
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, vol.38 n°2, p.162-170, April 2019

Impact of teaching circus arts in physical education on the physical literacy of 4th and 5th grade children.

*Available at the School Library

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Developing cognitive and motor creativity in children through an exercise program using nonlinear pedagogy principles

Veronique Richard, Jean-Charles Lebeau, Fabian Becker, Nataniel Boiangin, Gershon Tenenbaum
Creativity Research Journal, vol. 30 n°4, p.391-401, December 2018

Motor creativity is a key factor in children’s motor development, yet very few exercise programs promote the development of motor creativity in children. To address this gap in the literature, this study tested the effectiveness of a creative exercise program on children’s motor and cognitive creativity, as well as their likelihood of adaptation to exercise challenges.

*Available at the School Library

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Gender Asymmetry and Circus Education

Alisan Funk
Performance Matters, vol.4 n°1-2 : Circus and Its Others, p.19-35, July 2018

This study explores the issue of gender equality in circus schools where graduates obtain the skills to start a professional career in circus arts and the measures that the circus community can take to promote parity.

Consult

 

BOOK ARTICLE

La perception des programmes de formation en arts du cirque au Québec

Alisan Funk, Louisane LeBlanc
T. Froissart & C. Thomas (dir.), Arts et spectacle vivant : les formations en arts du cirque et en activités physiques artistiques. Éditions et presses universitaires de Reims, p.131-144, 2018

*Available at the School Library

 

CONFERENCE

The Impact of Circus Arts Instruction on Physical Literacy

Alisan Funk
Calgary Physical Literacy Summit, 31 p., 2018

Consult

 

BOOK ARTICLE

Les arts du cirque dans le cadre de l’enseignement primaire au Canada : genèse d’une recherche et d’un projet d’innovation sociale

Patrice Aubertin, Alisan Funk
T. Froissart & C. Thomas (dir.), Arts et spectacle vivant : les formations en arts du cirque et en activités physiques artistiques. Éditions et presses universitaires de Reims, p.157-173, 2018

*Available at the School Library

 

MEMORANDUM

Circus education in Québec : balancing academic and kinaesthetic learning objectives through an artistic Lens

Alisan Funk
Concordia University, 148 p. , 2017

This research studies the coexistence of academic and kinesthetic goals in post-secondary circus arts education in Quebec, specifically exploring how students, circus teachers, academic teachers, and administrators value elements of the curriculum as well as their perception of their institution’s program goals.

Consult

 

RESEARCH REPORT

Aujourd’hui le collégial, demain le monde : étude sur la préparation des étudiant.e.s du collégial pour le travail à l’étranger

Matthieu Boutet-Lanouette, Alexandre Jobin-Lawler, Anna-Karyna Barlati, Myriam Villeneuve
Campus Notre-Dame-de-Foy ; CRITAC – Centre de recherche, d’innovation et de transfert en arts du cirque, 244 p., 2017

The objective of our research is to understand how to adequately train Quebec college students whose study programs offer opportunities to work abroad after graduation.

Consult (in French)

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

The making of expert performers at Cirque du Soleil and the National Circus School : A performance enhancement outlook

Edson Filho, Patrice Aubertin, Bernard Petiot
Journal of Sport Psychology in Action, n°[February 11, 2016], 13 p. , February 2016

*Available at the School Library

 

THESIS

Pedagogy in performance : an investigation into decision training as a cognitive approach to circus training

Jonathan Burtt
Western Australian Academy of Performing Arts (WAAPA), Edith Cowan University, 386 p., Joondalup (Australie), 2016

Consult

 

BOOK ARTICLE

Introduction of decision training into elite circus arts training program

Jonathan Burtt, Sylvain Lafortune, Patrice Aubertin
L.P.Leroux, Batson, C.R. (dir.), Cirque Global : Quebec’s expanding circus boundarie, McGill-Queen’s University Press, p.240-265, 2016

*Available at the School Library

 

RESEARCH REPORT

L’introduction de l’entraînement à la prise de décision dans la formation supérieure en arts du cirque et ses effets sur les stratégies d’enseignement et sur l’apprentissage et sur la performance

Jonathan Burtt, Sylvain Lafortune, Patrice Aubertin
CRITAC – Centre de recherche, d’innovation et de transfert en arts du cirque, 96 p., 2013

This research aims to test the introduction of a training approach derived from sports practice, decision-making training, in circus arts higher education.  Through the identification of important cognitive skills to develop and the use of pedagogical tools promoting their acquisition, decision-making training develops self-regulation in the student, a skill deemed important for a professional circus artist.

Consulter (in French)

Health and Security

Introductory publications

JOURNAL ARTICLE

COVID-19: Reopening the National Circus School in Montreal – A Case-Study

Marion Cossin
CIRCUSTALK.NEWS, November 2020

For the National Circus School (NCS), as well as all circus schools around the world, the COVID-19 pandemic represents an exceptional challenge, for which there are no preconfigured guidelines that can dictate appropriate responses. As Quebec researcher Dr. Caroline Quach said, “Fighting COVID-19 is like building the airplane while you are still flying it. At NCS, the decision to reopen the school and the question of how to reopen it was guided by a risk-based approach to maximize the educational, wellness and health benefits for our students, teachers, staff and the entire circus community.

Consult

 

TECHNICAL REPORT

Rapport étude comparative de neuf configurations d’attache en sangles aériennes

Marion Cossin
CRITAC – Centre de recherche, d’innovation et de transfert en arts du cirque, 19 p., January 2020

For the first time, a strap discipline study compared and measured multiple tether configurations according to several criteria. Nine attachment configurations were measured according to three criteria: safety, comfort, and set-up time. Thanks to this study, aerial strap professionals will have different options at their disposal.

Consult (in French)

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Quand Cirque rime avec risque

Marion Cossin
Dire : la recherche à votre portée, vol.28 n°1, p.12-18, Winter 2019

Risk-taking is fundamental in circus arts and can lead to accidents causing serious injury. However, the latest advances in circus medicine, engineering and risk education allow for better risk management while maintaining impressive circus performances.

Consult (in French)

 

REPORT

Équilibre au cirque

Marion Cossin, Carine Monat
L’oeuf ou la poule, CHOQ.ca, UQAM, Episode of October 28, 2019, [approx. 9 min.]

« L’équilibre au cirque » with Marion Cossin, PhD student at Polytechnique Montréal, who studies circus acrobats during their performances.

Consult (in French), sections 16:00 – 22:00 et 25:00 – 30:50

 

REPORT

Normes de sécurité en cirque

Marion Cossin, Pierre Chastenay, Rabii Rammal, Marianne Desautels-Marissal, Éric Morin, Estelle Bouchard, Marc Carbonneau
Électrons libres, Télé-Québec, Episode of March 14, 2017

A researcher analyzed the movements of 16 acrobats to establish a reliable safety standard for the cable anchor point. According to her calculations, it should be able to support 33 times the weight of an average acrobat.

Consult (in French)

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

La science des acrobates

Daniel Carrière, Louis Faure, Marion Cossin, Patrice Aubertin, François Prince
Découvertes, Radio-Canada, Epidose of September 20, 2015

The Montreal National Circus School has been training circus artists for 30 years. This year, the School turned to science to improve its training program. These measures help prevent injuries and make it possible to better appreciate the work of these high-level artist-athletes.

Consult (in French)

 

Scientific publications

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Body composition adaptations throughout an elite circus Student-Artist Training Season

Adam Decker, Patrice Aubertin, Dean Kriellaars
Journal of Dance Medicine & Science, vol.25 n°1, p. 46-54, March 2021

The goal was to perform a longitudinal body composition assessment of student circus performers as part of a three-year elite college training program. Male and female student artists differed significantly on all absolute and relative body composition variables. Discipline-specific differences in body composition were also detected. Significant differences were observed between student artists grouped by years of schooling. Over the training year, there was a positive adaptation for muscle and fat mass despite the negative adaptation experienced during the winter vacation period.

*Available at the School Library

 

BOOK ARTICLE

Approche des mécanismes impliqués dans une hausse du taux de blessures après les vacances chez les étudiant.e.s en formation supérieure en arts du cirque

Adam Decker, Melanie Stuckey, Richard Fleet, Patrice Aubertin, Dean Kriellaars
P. Goudard, D. Barrault (dir.), Médecine et cirque, p. 169-178, 2020

*Available at the School Library

 

BOOK ARTICLE

Les problèmes de santé dans les arts du cirque, une revue de la littérature

Isabelle Lavallée-Bourget, Luc Lapointe, Patrice Aubertin, Richard Fleet
P. Goudard, D. Barrault (dir.), Médecine et cirque, p. 149-166, 2020

*Available at the School Library

 

THESIS

Longitudinal assessment of physical, physiological and psychological characteristics of elite circus student-artists

Adam Decker
University of Manitoba, 150 p., 2020

The circus arts have grown rapidly over the past thirty years, and performers require a unique combination of technical, physical, and artistic abilities with a performance schedule and culture distinct from sport. Yet the development of elite circus performers continues to rely on sports-based and traditional circus training methods. Research on performance and health factors in a circus student-artist context would provide valuable information for the development of current training and injury prevention strategies related to the practice of circus arts. The purpose of this thesis is to characterize the physical, physiological, and psychological factors in a high-performance circus training environment. The information in this thesis can be used by circus trainers, artists, and performance science and medical personnel to guide future research and influence teaching methods for circus artists, worldwide.

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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cirque du Monde as a health intervention, Perceptions of medical students and social circus experts

Cynthia Fournier, Mélodie-Anne Drouin, Jérémie Marcoux, Patricia Garel, Emmanuel Bochud, Julie Théberge, Patrice Aubertin, Gil Favreau, Richard Fleet
Canadian Family Physician, vol. 60 n°11, p. 548-553, November 2014

To introduce Cirque du Soleil’s Cirque du Monde program and its potential as a primary health care intervention for family physicians.

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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Sleep and fatigue of elite circus student-artists during on year of training

Adam Decker, Patrice Aubertin, Dean Kriellaars
Medical Problems of Performing Artists, vol.34 n°3, p.125-131, September 2019

To introduce Cirque du Soleil’s Cirque du Monde program and its potential as a primary health care intervention for family physicians.

*Available at the School Library

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Don’t take down the monkey bars : rapid systematic review of playground-related injuries

Nicolas Bergeron, Catherine Bergeron, Luc Lapointe, Dean Kriellaars, Patrice Aubertin, Brandy Tanenbaum, Richard Fleet
Canadian Family Physician, vol.65 n°3, p.121-128, March 2019

Synthesis of currently available data on playground injuries and determine their prevalence in young children.

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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Empirical development of a screening method for mental, social, and physical wellness in amateur and professional circus artists

Brad Donohue, Yulia Gavrilova, Marina Galante, Bryan Burnstein, Patrice Aubertin, Elena Gavrilova, Alisan Funk, Al Light, Stephen D. Benning
Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, October 2018

This study examines the mental, social and physical health of artists in two circus settings (circus school, professional circus). The objectives were to assess overall health and develop data-based wellness screening methods in these populations, to help establish guidelines to optime the performance and health of artists.

*Available at the School Library

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

The relationship between problem-solving skills and factors that interfere with performance in the world’s elite circus artists

Marina Galante, Brad Donohue, Yulia Gavrilova, Corey Phillips, Bryan Burnstein, Patrice Aubertin, Andrea Corral
Journal of Performance Psychology, n°11, p.1-17, December 2017

In this study, researchers are evaluating the relationship between problem-solving skills and factors influencing the performance of 109 circus performers at Cirque du Soleil and 21 graduates of the Montreal National Circus School.

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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Making single-point aerial circus disciplines safer

Marion Cossin, Annie Ross, Frédérick P. Gosselin
Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, vol.231 n°4, p.362–373, December 2017

The purpose of this study was to measure the dynamic tension force between the apparatus and suspended equipment of five aerial circus apparatuses and to recommend minimum loading requirements in the setup and design.

*Available at the School Library

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Repeatability of force signals in aerial circus straps

Marion Cossin, Annie Ross, Frédérick P. Gosselin
Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, vol.232 n°3, p.225–235, October 2017

The purpose of this study is to develop a method for evaluating the variability of movements of circus acrobats. An analysis of the repeatability of force signals is used to quantify the variability.

*Available at the School Library

 

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cirque du Monde en tant qu’intervention en santé

Cynthia Fournier, Mélodie-Anne Drouin, Jérémie Marcoux, Patricia Garel, Emmanuel Bochud, Julie Théberge, Patrice Aubertin, Gil Favreau and Richard Fleet
Canadian Family Physician, vol. 60 n°11, p. 548-553, November 2014

To introduce Cirque du Soleil’s Cirque du Monde program and its potential as a primary health care intervention for family physicians.

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History and Aesthetics

Scientific publications

BOOK ARTICLE

« The circus card trick » : langage performatif, communauté interprétative et éthique de la tromperie

Joseph Culpepper
F. Kessler, J-M. Larrue, G. Pisano (dir.), Machines. Magie. Médias. Presses universitaires du Septentrion, p.49-60, 2018

*Available at the School Library